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Skin Diseases

THE HUMAN skin consists of two layers: (i) the cuticle or epidermis; and (ii) the true skin, also known as cutis vera or dermis. The true skin is the fibrous layer which forms the chief part of the body covering, its thickness varying from 0.55 mm. to 3 mm., being thicker in the males than among the females. It contains two types of glands: (i) sebacious glands, which secrete a fatty liquid; and (ii) the sweat glands which secrete perspiration. The skin acts as a protective guard which saves the muscles underneath from injury and is also the regulator of body temperature. Outside temperature are filtered through the skin and the fatty matter underlying it; that is how the skin protects the body from the extremes of temperature. Poisons or drugs cannot percolate through the skin unless mixed with some fatty material, as in ointments.

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